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About Department of Energy PDF Print E-mail
Saturday, 29 November 2008

The department of Energy has three divisions:

  • • Energy  Resource management
  •  • Energy Resource Development
  •  • Renewable Energy Center 

In addition to the above there are two autonomous enterprises with in the department .The Eritrea Electric corporation(EEC) and the Petroleum corporation of Eritrea(PCE) governed by board of directors chaired by the Ministry of Energy and Mines.

Mission of the Department

The central mission entrusted to the department of Energy is to promote and guide to the energy sector in the best interest of the people and the country.

The tasks and authorities of the department have been made to focus on four major issues that is policy development, regulatory activities development and research and training activities.

Department Objectives

The primary objectives of the Department of Energy are to develop an efficient environmentally sound and dependable energy production and supply system capable of supporting Eritrea's growing economy in an affordable and sustainable way.

Responsibilities of the department

• Prepare laws, Tariff, regulations and standards on electricity and oil
• Prepare nation wide energy projects
• Capacity building
• Initiation and execution of energy conservation measures such as the dissemination of improved mogogo "Adhanet" and others.
• Assess and install wind and solar based technologies
• Carry out energy related researches, studies and surveys
• Follow up the hydrocarbon exploration activities
• Strengthen the Energy Research and Training center to become a center of excellence in the promotion of Renwable energy technology (RET)
• Conduct adaptive research of appropriate energy technologies and appliance
• Securing oil and Electricity supply in the country

Policies and Strategies

Eritrea energy policies and relevant strategies are aiming at achieving the major energy goal that is availing ample, reliable and sustainable energy service that will be affordably accessible to all.

Briefly stated the policies are as follows:-

• Introduce gradual energy sector reform measures
• Promote investment in the energy sector
• Upgrade institutional capacity to deliver proper sector Management and develop integrated national energy planning
• Develop and implement a “Right Pricing” policy
• Promote energy conservation and environmental protection at all energy supply and end use levels
• Promote Rural Electrification
• Promote regional cooperation in energy trade and Keep abreast with modern conventional and non-conventional energy technology development.

Energy Status

The situation of Eritrea’s energy supply system is characterized by massive dependence on traditional biomass fuels to cover domestic energy requirements lack of easy access by the majority of the country’s population to modern energy and total reliance on imported oil as a source of modern energy. For clear energy distribution information, see Energy Balance table


Biomass forms of energy are the major source of Energy in Eritrea. In the energy balance it accounts for more than 65% of the total primary energy supply where as in the total final energy supply it accounts for about 70% of the total primary energy supply in the energy balance of the country.


Eritrea is totally dependent on imported oil products to meet its modern energy requirements. This makes the country’s energy supply and economy extremely vulnerable to international oil price rise. Petroleum products accounts for about 35% of the total primary energy supply and 28% of the total final energy supply.


Main source of electricity in Eritrea is thermal generation (99%) where as Renewable energy (solar and wind energy accounted for only 1%). In the country, where the majority of the population lives below the poverty line, the overall access to modern electricity services continues to be among the lowest in the world. At the national level, only 32% of the Eritrean population has access to electricity (78% in urban areas compared to 3% in rural areas). In addition Eritrea has high potential sources of alternative energy (wind, solar, Geothermal and mini hydropower). Electricity contributes less than 3% in the final energy supply of the country.

Last Updated ( Wednesday, 31 March 2010 )
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